Then, specific to the enterprise implementation level, intelligent manufacturing exactly how to promote it? Perhaps the answer is to be out of a industrial networking based on data acquisition by means of innovation in management as the core, with the goal of lean and flexible manufacturing, the integration and cooperation as the direction of the intelligent manufacturing road.
The introduction of advanced management concept is to improve the integration, lean and flexible manufacturing capability of the whole process. To take measures to implement the integration of network transformation, improve the automatic data acquisition rate, the deployment of industrial software, develop the physical system and information system, and is not only to improve the level of production automation, realize to replace the machine, but to optimize the production time and improve production efficiency, reduce inventory, control cost, improve waste the quality of the products as the core, the full implementation of lean production and other advanced management concepts, integration, lean, flexible manufacturing capability of the whole process.
The introduction of advanced management concepts, including using APS advanced scheduling optimization model of production planning and scheduling management, solve the past extensive management, production organization and flexible production planning problems; use collected directly from the data on the device for real-time monitoring of the production schedule and equipment condition; through CPK on the process parameters of equipment in real time (process capability index) the calculation and analysis of statistical process control, from the source to control the quality of products, to prevent unqualified products; improve the efficiency of information collection of raw materials in all aspects of the use of bar code, two-dimensional code, such as RFID technology, providing accurate data for the organization of production, logistics management and cost accounting; real-time data acquisition based on OEE (OEE) analysis, more accurately carry out IE (Industrial Engineering) management, the implementation of the "production process and human material ring" comprehensive Such as.
For enterprises, the integration of internal and external resources, it is necessary to use advanced technology to achieve integration and collaboration on the value network, so that production can be adjusted according to the adjustment of market demand.
The core of intelligent manufacturing is based on the information of CPS physical system, make full use of automation, information technology, Internet, networking, artificial intelligence and other advanced technology, put together the equipment, production lines, materials, employees, suppliers and customers, the data as a new factor of production management and deepen the application. Comprehensively promote the business flow, capital flow, logistics information digitization, networked and integrated development, and constantly improve the information from the data and then to the whole process of knowledge automatic acquisition and processing, analysis and utilization level, so as to optimize the allocation of resources, improve management efficiency, enhance the competitiveness of enterprises, and provide differentiated end to end production and service for customers.
At present, the automatic, digital, networked and intelligent equipment technology transformation route has been generally recognized. For the domestic manufacturing enterprises, equipment automation and digital level has initially have a certain foundation, but for the vast majority of single use, while the equipment data acquisition and use is also not to be.
Faced with this situation, companies first need to carry out network transformation, including making full use of the communication interface, digital device sensors and controller in automation equipment, and to use a wired or wireless network access technology, covering the whole process and the whole process of the construction of all kinds of production, testing, logistics equipment, industrial Internet, full collection of producing in the process of large amounts of data and image information, so as to equipment centralized monitoring, remote control, collaborative manufacturing to create conditions.
In addition, for the logistics management in the production process, can consider the real amount and inventory data using barcode recognition or centralized automatic metering feeding, the collection of raw materials and products, in order to achieve lean production management in the process of material production in the whole process of "JIT" accurate supply and real-time cost accounting.
At present, domestic manufacturing enterprises have generally applied financial management software, and ERP (enterprise resource management system) and OA (automatic office system) have also been promoted and popularized. But the application of information technology products and process design, manufacturing, warehousing and logistics management, equipment management, quality management and other aspects have not yet universal, also did not fully open up the equipment monitoring and operation layer, operation layer, management layer between the enterprise management decision of information transfer channels, a large amount of data has not been effectively collection and utilization, information transmission not timely, site management mainly depends on the management experience, management level is still far from the digital, scientific and meticulous degree.
In this regard, enterprises need to be based on equipment network transformation, operation layer development in monitoring the deployment of DCS (distributed control system), SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition system), APC (Advanced Control System) and other industrial control system; in the production operation layer to develop and deploy MES (Manufacturing Execution system), APS (Advanced Planning and scheduling system), EM (equipment management system), CAD/CAE/CAPP (computer aided process planning / design / Engineering), PLM/PDM (product lifecycle / Product Data Management), LIMS (quality management system), WMS (warehouse management system) information system; the deployment of ERP and SCM in business decision-making (Supply Chain Management), CRM (Customer Relationship Management) system. And through the data interface, middleware, data bus, ESB (Enterprise Service Bus) to achieve from the device layer until the integrated decision-making layer, eliminate information islands, to ensure sufficient processing and utilization of large enterprise data, so as to construct the digital factory.
Intelligent manufacturing is the deep integration of informatization and industrialization. It is not only the introduction and innovation of advanced technologies such as IT and OT, but also the innovation and mode innovation of enterprise management. Review of thirty years of reform and opening up the domestic manufacturing enterprise transformation and upgrading of the road, it should be said that the automation and informationization construction has been rapid development, but the competition from the global market, there are still high production capacity, in the end, low-end production overcapacity problems such as the weakening of the competitive advantage, simply focus on technology while ignoring the management may be one of the reasons the. Therefore, intelligent manufacturing should be based on technological innovation and centered on management innovation.
Overall, intelligent manufacturing technology has become an objective trend of the world manufacturing industry. Intelligent manufacturing is not only a single advanced equipment and technology, but a new mode of change. Intelligent manufacturing is highly efficient and flexible production mode, the effective integration of industrial chain, enterprises should be based on their own strategic planning and layout, combined with the characteristics of the industry and its current situation, and consider the software and hardware, technology and management of informatization and industrialization, and other means, to steadily promote the intelligence of its own construction, gradually improve their own comprehensive competitiveness.